By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This targeted case examine explores the dramatic fiscal and social alterations that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. along with significant advances in rice know-how, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, turning out to be infrastructure, and concrete monetary actions have sped up the speed of switch. using a special information set equipped from a variety of surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a regular Laguna village, the authors illustrate a trend of socioeconomic improvement shared via irrigated rice parts all through Asia.
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Additional info for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
The population continued to grow rapidly at about 4 per cent per year throughout the 1940s and 1950s. However, unlike in the previous two decades, this growth resulted mainly from natural growth. 6 per cent during the period 1940–60. The decline in migration into East Laguna Village seems to reflect the fact that the process of land opening reached its limit during this period. Indeed, it is estimated that the paddy area cultivated by villagers reached 94 hectares in 1960, which was close to the cultivable area of about 100 hectares within the territory of East Laguna Village, although the exact area is difficult to measure because villages’ territorial boundaries are not clearly defined in the Philippines.
Anyone in the village could participate in others’ harvesting and receive the one-sixth of paddy he or she harvested . Traditional rice varieties were characterized by photosensitivity: that is, flowering was triggered by shortened day length, so that crops ripened in late November to December when the rainy season was over, irrespective of the planting time. Harvested paddy was hauled across dried-up fields to the village for home consumption, or to the poblacion for rent payments in kind to landlords and for market sales.
Although exact data are not available, we can make a reasonable guess that the input of fertilizer, as measured by the aggregate weight of nitrogen, phosphate and potash, increased more than four times from less than 20 kg to about 80 kg per hectare during the Chronology of the Village 33 decade of the Green Revolution. Correspondingly, the average paddy yield per hectare per crop season doubled from a little less than two tons to nearly four tons. However, this yield increase was barely sufficient to maintain rice output per capita in East Laguna Village because of its high population growth, augmented by migration from outside the village.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi