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By Lower S. K.

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Additional resources for Acid-base equilibria of the aquatic environment(en)(32s)

Example text

6 Dissociation of weak acids . Titration . . . . . Strong bases . . . . . Proton free energy and pH . . . 1 Strong acids and bases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The strong ion difference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Weak monoprotic acids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Pure acid in water . . . . . . . . . . Calculations on mixtures of acids . . . . . . Mixture of an acid and its conjugate base .

20 20 22 Ionization fractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 6 3 4 Buffering action as a function of buffer concentration . . . . . . . . . . . Buffer intensity and titration curve for a diprotic acid . . . . . . . . . . 15 21 5 6 Buffering in strong- and weak-acid solutions . . . . Titration curves of acids and bases of various strengths . Titration curve for a polyprotic acid, H3 PO4 . . . Equilibrium fraction diagram for a monoprotic acid. . Log-C vs pH diagram for a 10−3 M acetic acid solution. Log-C diagram for a diprotic acid .

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Acid-base equilibria of the aquatic environment(en)(32s) by Lower S. K.


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